Statement of problem
The retention qualities of acetal resin clasps are questionable.
To asses the initial retention and after cycling for 1,200 cycles of acetal resin clasps as compared to cobalt-chromium clasps.
Materials and methods
Extracted maxillary first premolars and molars were collected. Each tooth was embedded in acrylic block up to the cementoenamel junction. On each block, partial denture model consisted of Akers clasp, minor connector, cobalt-chromium horizontal plate representing the denture base, and a vertical arm on the horizontal plate was constructed. Models were divided into four groups (five each). Group I had acetal resin clasps on premolars. Group II had cobalt-chromium clasps on premolars. Group III had acetal resin clasps on molars. Group IV had cobalt-chromium clasps on molars. Akers clasps were designed to utilize 0.01 inch undercut. Each model was connected to the universal testing machine through the vertical arm. The model was placed in artificial saliva and a tensile load was applied to measure the initial retention. Then retention was measured after cycling for 200, 400, 600, 800, 1,000 and 1,200 cycles. One-way analysis of variance followed by Duncan's multiple range test was used to test the effect of groups and cycling on tensile load required for clasp dislodgment.
Groups I and III showed no change in retention on cycling up to 1,200 cycles. Group I showed significantly higher retention than group III. Groups II and IV showed significant reduction in retention upon cycling more than 800 cycles. In spite of this reduction in retention, it is still higher than that in groups I and III.
Cobalt-chromium clasps showed higher retention than acetal resin clasps despite the deformation encountered in the former. Acetal resin clasps showed more retention qualities on premolar teeth than that on molar teeth.
Acetal resin clasps can be used to retain Kennedy's class III partial denture. However, when used on molar teeth, it is recommended to increase the thickness of the retentive clasp arm or to use a deeper undercut.
How to cite this article
Mohamed T, Baraka OA, Badawy MM. Comparison between Acetal Resin and Cobalt-Chromium Removable Partial Denture Clasp Retention: An in vitro Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2013;3(2):50-56.