Ethnicity, Gender, Length of finger, Vertical dimension of occlusion
Citation Information :
Bajracharya A, Shrestha K, Maharjan S, Mathema SR. Correlation of Vertical Dimension of Occlusion with the Length of Fingers in Different Ethnicity and Gender in Nepal. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2021; 11 (1):16-21.
Aim and objective: To compare and correlate the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) with the length of fingers in different gender and ethnicity in the Nepalese population.
Materials and methods: The study was done on 115 dental students in Kathmandu valley. The study included 41 male and 74 female samples among which 59 were Aryan and 56 were of Mongolian ethnicity. Measurement of VDO was done from the base of the nose to the base of the chin and measurement of finger length was done from the tip of the finger to the distal-most point closest to the metacarpophalangeal crease using a modified digital Vernier caliper. All the data were recorded and statistically analyzed.
Results: The VDO was positively correlated with all the fingers of the left and right hand with p values <0.05. The mean VDO of the male was 4.28 mm higher than that of the female. The mean VDO among Aryans was 2.43 mm lower than that of Mongolians. The highest correlation of VDO in Aryans and Mongolians was seen with the length of the thumb. This correlation was statistically significant with a p value < 0.05.
Conclusion: The study showed that the VDO was positively correlated with the length of fingers. There was a positive association between the VDO and gender as well as ethnicity. A proportional relationship exists between VDO and the length of thumb irrespective of gender and ethnicity.
The glossary of prosthodontic terms. J Prosthe Dentis 2017;117(5):e1–e105. DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2016.12.001.
McCord J, Grant A. Identification of complete denture problems: a summary. British dental journal 2000;189(3):128–134. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.4800703.
Wyatt C, Zarb GA. Treatment outcomes of patients with implant-supported fixed partial prostheses. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1998;13(2):204–211.
Heartwell CMR, Arthur O. Syllabus of complete denture. 4th edn., 1986. p. 573.
Alhajj M, Khalifa N, Abduo J, et al. Determination of occlusal vertical dimension for complete dentures patients: an updated review. J Oral Rehabilitat 2017;44(11):896–907. DOI: 10.1111/joor.12522.
Turrell A. Clinical assessment of vertical dimension. J Prosthe Dentis 2006;96(2):79–83. DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2006.05.015.
Fishman LS. Radiographic evaluation of skeletal maturation: a clinically oriented method based on hand-wrist films. The Angle Orthodontist 1982;52(2):88–112. DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1982)0522.0. CO;2.
Oguz O. The proportion of the face in younger adults using the thumb rule of Leonardo da Vinci. Surg Radiol Anat 1996;18(2):111–114. DOI: 10.1007/BF01795228.
Basnet BB, Singh RK, Parajuli PK, et al. Correlation between facial measurements and occlusal vertical dimension: an anthropometric study in two ethnic groups of Nepal. Int J Dent Sci Res 2014;2(6):171–174. DOI: 10.12691/ijdsr-2-6-13.
Ladda R, Bhandari AJ, Kasat VO, et al. A new technique to determine vertical dimension of occlusion from anthropometric measurements of fingers. Indian J Dent Res 2013;24(3):316. DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.117993.
Basnet BB, Parajuli PK, Singh RK, et al. An anthropometric study to evaluate the correlation between the occlusal vertical dimension and length of the thumb. Clin Cosme Investigat Dentis 2015;7:33–39. DOI: 10.2147/CCIDE.S75872.
Spear F, Kinzer F. Approaches to vertical dimension. Adv Esthet Interdiscip Dent 2006;2(3):2–12.
McGee GF. Use of facial measurements in determining vertical dimension. J Am Dent Associat 1947;35(5):342–350. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.1947.0361.
Misch CE. Clinical indications for altering vertical dimension of occlusion. Objective vs subjective methods for determining vertical dimension of occlusion. Quintessence International (Berlin, Germany: 1985) 2000;31(4):280–282.
Ginting R, Abidin T, Dennis D, et al. Convertion values of vertical dimension occlusion height to length of right hand fingers among batak toba ethnic. IOSR J Dent Med Sci 2016;15(6):40–46.
Alhajj MNA. Assessment of different measurement methods in predicting the occlusal vertical dimension among different populations in Sudanese and Yemeni. Univers Khartoum 2016. p. 127.
Hussain S, Yazdanie N. Correlation of the vertical dimension of occlusion with anthropometric measurement of index finger. JPDA 2019;28(03):109. DOI: 10.25301/JPDA.283.108.
Munshi MSM, Shah MU, Shaikh MI, et al. Role of anthropometric measurements in determining occlusal vertical dimension. Pakistan Oral Dent J 2020;40(2).
Rahmi E, Hidayati H, Suprianto K, et al. Correlation between length of little finger and occlusal vertical dimension in Indonesian subraces. Padjadjaran J Dentis 2020;32(1):33–38. DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol32no1.24044.
Krishnamurthy D, Shanmuganathan DN. An anthropometric correlation of vertical dimension of occlusion, length of finger and linear ear length among dentulous patients-an observational study. Eur J Mole Clin Med 2021;8(3):549–557.
Sajjan MS, Eachempati P, Dhall R, et al. An anthropometric study to evaluate the correlation of vertical dimension at rest and length of thumb: a multi-national, multi-centre pilot study. J Indian Prosthodon Soc 2020;20(4):402. DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_313_20.
Teng GL, Subrata G, Ardan R. The comparison between the length of vertical dimension of occlusion and the length of thumb on undergraduate Mongoloid students. Padjadjaran J Dentis 2011;23(1):39–45. DOI: 10.24198/pjd.vol23no1. 14060.