Are Conventional Complete Dentures Still Necessary? A Comparative Analysis of Two Groups of Completely Edentulous Patients
Uyiosa J Eregie, Julie O Omo, Matthew A Sede, Temitope A Esan
Complete denture, Edentulism, Quality of life
Citation Information :
Eregie UJ, Omo JO, Sede MA, Esan TA. Are Conventional Complete Dentures Still Necessary? A Comparative Analysis of Two Groups of Completely Edentulous Patients. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2021; 11 (1):9-15.
Aim and objective: To compare the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of patients seeking complete denture treatment before rehabilitation with that of completely edentulous patients not seeking treatment using the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) scale.
Materials and methods: The study comprised two groups of completely edentulous patients with twenty patients in each group (group I and II). Group I patients comprised completely edentulous patients who sought treatment for their edentulous state. Their OHRQoL was assessed using the GOHAI scale before treatment and 3 months after treatment with complete dentures. Group II patients, on the other hand, comprised persons who were completely edentulous and have never sought treatment or used dentures. They filled the baseline GOHAI questionnaire only, following which oral health education was given to them. In addition to their OHRQoL assessment, their mental attitude toward treatment was also assessed for both groups of patients.
Results: The study comprised a total of forty completely edentulous patients with an age range of 60–89 years and a mean age of 74.2 ± 8.3 years. A higher GOHAI-T mean score of 20.7 ± 3.9 was found among the non-denture wearers compared to 14.1 ± 1.8 observed in the complete denture wearers. However, a higher GOHAI-T mean score of 32.1 ± 1.1 was found among the complete-denture wearers 3 months after treatment with complete dentures compared to 20.7 ± 3.9 observed in the non-wearers at baseline.
Conclusion: The OHRQoL of completely edentulous non-denture wearers was observed to be higher than that of the completely edentulous denture wearers before rehabilitation. However, following rehabilitation with complete dentures, the OHRQoL of complete denture wearers was significantly higher than that of non-denture wearers.
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