Citation Information :
Yalniz AM, Karacan AO, Cakar C, Bagis YH. Comparison of Microleakage of Class V Restoration with Self-etch and Selective-etch Adhesive Systems: An In Vitro Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2019; 9 (2):51-55.
Purpose: This in vitro study is to evaluate the microleakage of the universal and self-etch adhesives in selective-etch and self-etch techniques by evaluating dye penetration.
Materials and methods: In this study, a total of 48 restoration and caries-free maxillar or mandibular anterior teeth were used. Standardized class V cavities (1.5 mm deep, not beveled, rounded corners) were prepared on buccal surfaces of all teeth, which were gingival edges above from the enamel-cement junction. A total of 48 teeth were randomly separated into four groups. The first group was restored with Clearfil S3 Bond Plus (Kuraray, Tokyo, Japan) in the self-etch technique. The second group was restored with single bond universal (SBU) adhesive L-pop (3M ESPE, St. Paul, USA) in the self-etch technique. The third group was restored with Clearfil S3 Bond Plus (Kuraray, Tokyo, Japan) in the selective-etch technique. The fourth group was restored with single bond universal adhesive L-pop (3M ESPE, St. Paul, USA) in the selective-etch technique. Final finishing and polishing of the restorations were performed by using discs (ZenitFlex, Munich, Germany). They were thermocycled for 5,000 thermal cycles between water baths at 5°C and 55°C. All surfaces were isolated with two layers of nail polish, except up to 1 mm from the restoration margin for correct evaluation of the microleakage. The apices of all teeth were covered with a composite resin (Clearfil Majesty Esthetic, Kuraray, Tokyo, Japan). The teeth were stored in an oven with 2% methylene blue solution for 24 hours. The samples were embedded in acrylic resin in plastic molds.
Results: Microleakage scores (count and percentages) for all four groups are shown in Table 2. The Kruskal–Wallis test was applied to determine the differences between microleakage scores in the four study groups at a 0.05 level of significance. No statistically significant difference was found (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: The two adhesive systems showed clinically acceptable microleakage values in two different application techniques.
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