International Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2013 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Prosthodontic and Periodontal Status and Needs in a Selected Population of Urban Poor in the Philippines: A Pilot Study

Maria Torresyap

Citation Information : Torresyap M. Prosthodontic and Periodontal Status and Needs in a Selected Population of Urban Poor in the Philippines: A Pilot Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2013; 3 (4):136-142.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1093

Published Online: 01-12-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2013; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Purpose

To determine the prosthodontic and periodontal status and needs in a group of adults from a poor urban community in the Philippines

Materials and methods

A sample consisting of 401 poor urban adults in a district in the Philippines was assessed using the WHO oral health assessment form. The examinations were conducted in natural light with a mouth mirror, community periodontal index (CPI) probe and an explorer with the subject seated in a regular chair. The following prosthodontics/malocclusion traits were assessed; presence or absence of fixed and or removable appliances, treatment needs, presence of spacing, crowding in the incisal segments, overjet, open bite and posterior cross bite. The periodontal condition was assessed by means of the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN) in relation to selected index teeth: The statistical analysis was carried out using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) (version 21.0). One-way ANOVA was used to compare the means and chi-square and Fisher's exact test was used to compare the proportions. The significance level was set at α = 0.05.

Results

The majority of adult Filipinos had either calculus (84.8%) or shallow probing depths (11%). Only 1.7% had probing depths equal to or greater than 6 mm. Forty four (10.9%) subjects were wearing complete dentures in the maxilla and mandible and 11.7% had removable partial dentures in the maxilla while only 1.2% was wearing partials in the mandible. There was no statistically significant difference between the genders with regard to prosthetic status. Overall, 70.3 and 88.5% required prosthesis in the maxilla and mandible respectively. However, more subjects needed full prosthesis in the maxilla (25.9%) compared to mandible (16.5%).

Conclusion

The majority of the sampled Filipino adults had significant unmet periodontal (high calculus rates and gingivitis) and prosthodontics needs.

How to cite this article

Torresyap V, Hoover J, Torresyap M, Karunanayake C. Prosthodontic and Periodontal Status and Needs in a Selected Population of Urban Poor in the Philippines: A Pilot Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2013;3(4):136-142.


PDF Share
  1. World Oral health Report 2003. Continuous improvement in oral health in the 21st century-the approach of the WHO oral health program. Petersen PK. Oral health program. Non communicable disease prevention and health promotion. Geneva, Switzerland.
  2. Dental Public Health! A mistaken identity. Advances in Life Science and its Applications 2012;1(3):58-61.
  3. Impacts of financial, food, and fuel crisis on the urban poor. Directions in urban development, Urban Development Unit, World Bank. December 2008. (http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387-1226422021646/directions_2.pdf?resourceurlname=directions_2.pdf)
  4. Users’ forum on the 2006 poverty statistics for the basic sectors and 2006 child development index. Republic of the Philippines, National Statistical Coordination Board. June 2009. (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty/default.asp).
  5. 2009 Official Poverty Statistics. Republic of the Philippines, National Statistical Coordination Board. June 2011. (http://www.nscb.gov.ph/poverty/2009/Presentation_RAVirola.pdf).
  6. Evaluation of subjective oral health status indicators. J Pub Health Dent 1994;54(3):167-176.
  7. Prevalence of impacts of dental and oral disorders and their effects on eating among older people; a national survey in Great Britain. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol 2001;29: 195-203.
  8. Tooth loss in the elderly and its association with nutritional status, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. Acta Odontol Scand 2007;65:78-86.
  9. Consequences of tooth loss. Dental Update 2009;36:616-619.
  10. The emotional effects of tooth loss in edentulous people. British Dental Journal 1998; 184(2):90-93.
  11. Review validates association between oral health and heart health: Highlights Need for Further Research April 2012. http://aadronline.com/files/public/12AADRPressRelease_AHAStatement.pdf.
  12. Oral health status of vulnerable groups in a village of the Central Highlands, southern Vietnam. Int J Dent Hyg 2006 May;4(2):72-76.
  13. ibon.org/ibon_surveys.php
  14. Available at: http://www.doh.gov.ph/node/1066.html
  15. BMC Public Health 2011 Jul;13(11):558.
  16. 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
  17. Sample size tables for clinical studies. 2nd ed. Blackwell Science IBSN 0-86542-870-0, 1997. p.21-22.
  18. Statistics with confidence. 2nd ed. BMJ Books ISBN 0 7279 1375 1, 2000. p.46-47.
  19. Oral health surveys: Basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization 1997.
  20. Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychol Bulletin 1979;2:420-428.
  21. A national survey of periodontal treatment needs of adults in the Philippines. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1986;14:313-316.
  22. Epidemiology of periodontal disease: an update. J Int Acad Periodontol 1999;1:110-116.
  23. ‘Strengthening the prevention of periodontal disease: the WHO approach,’ J Periodontol 2005; 76(12):2187-2193.
  24. Oral health among 35 to 44 years old Iranians. Med Princ Pract 2007; 16:280-285.
  25. Oral health status and treatment needs of rural population of Ambala, Haryana, India. Internet J Epidemiol 2010;8(2): DOI: 10.5580/1367.
  26. Periodontal status and risk factors among adults of the Sebha city (Libya). Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2013;Jul-Aug;10(4):533-538.
  27. Tooth loss and the condition of the prosthodontics appliances in a group of elderly home residents. J Oral Rehabil 2000;27(3):199-204.
  28. The dental treatment needs of elderly patients seen at a university teaching clinic. American J Dent 1990;3:213-216.
  29. The dental prosthetic status of psychiatric in patients in South Wales. J Disability and Oral Health 2003;4(1):9-14.
  30. A preliminary evaluation of normative and realistic needs for prosthetic treatment among frail elderly patients in Serbia. J Dent Science 2013;8(1):15-20.
  31. Dental prosthetic status and treatment needs of Green Marble mine laborers, Udaipur, India. Dent Res J 2011;8(3):123-127.
  32. The new elderly: what can the dental profession expect? Spec Care Dentist 1982;2(2):62-69.
  33. Prevalence of malocclusion and its relationship with sociodemographic factors, dental caries and oral hygiene in 12 to 14-year-old Tanzanian Schoolchildren. Euro J Orth 2009;31(5):467-476.
  34. Contemporary Orthodontics. St. Louis, Mo, USA: Mosby 2007.
  35. An evaluation of the psychological and social effects of malocclusion: some implications for dental policy making. Soc Science Med 1989;28(6):583-591.
  36. Prevalence of gingival diseases, malocclusion and fluorosis in school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district. J Ind Soc Pedo and Prev Dent 2007;25(2):103-105.
  37. Prevalence and determinant factors of malocclusion in population with special needs in South India. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2013;31:87-90.
  38. Implementation of a basic package of oral care: towards a reorientation of dental NGOs and their volunteers. Int Dent J 2006;56(1):44-48.
  39. Dental volunteerism: is the current model working? J Can Dent Assoc 2013;79:d69.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.