International Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Effect of Hollow Denture on Masticatory Performance and Bite Force of Highly Resorbed Edentulous Ridge Cases: A Crossover Study

Arthi Ambayiram, Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium

Keywords : Bite force, Conventional complete denture, Highly resorbed ridges, Hollow denture, Masticatory performance

Citation Information : Ambayiram A, Chidambaranathan AS, Balasubramanium M. Effect of Hollow Denture on Masticatory Performance and Bite Force of Highly Resorbed Edentulous Ridge Cases: A Crossover Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2024; 14 (1):23-29.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1436

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the masticatory performance and bite force of conventional and hollow dentures in highly resorbed, completely edentulous ridge cases. Materials and methods: Around 20 highly resorbed, completely edentulous subjects between 45 and 60 years were included. Subjects with ≥15 mm of maxillary and mandibular restorative space from the soft tissue crest of the residual edentulous ridge to the proposed occlusal plane were only included. For each patient, conventional dentures followed by hollow dentures were given at 3-month intervals, with 2 weeks of washout period. Patient satisfaction, masticatory performance and bite force were evaluated for each subject. The weight of the dentures and masticatory performance were analyzed using a paired t-test, and bite force was measured using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: The satisfaction level of subjects was evaluated using a questionnaire in which 100% satisfaction was obtained for the comfort and appearance of hollow dentures. The mean value of masticatory performance for conventional and hollow dentures with peanuts was 34.43 and 44.07% with carrots, was 33.85 and 43.73%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in masticatory performance between conventional and hollow dentures (p < 0.05). The mean bite force for conventional and hollow dentures was 11.34 and 11.69 N in the right premolar region, and the difference was insignificant. Conclusion: Hollow dentures showed more patient satisfaction and better masticatory performance compared to conventional dentures. Hence, hollow dentures can be recommended for patients with highly resorbed edentulous ridges.


PDF Share
  1. Zarb A, CL B, Eckert SE, et al. Prosthodontic Treatment for Edentulous Patient: Complete Dentures and Implant Supported Prostheses, 12th edition. Mosby; 2004. pp. 191–206.
  2. The glossary of prosthodontic terms 2023: tenth edition. J Prosthet Dent 2023;130(4 suppl 1):e1–e3. DOI: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2023.03.003
  3. Holt RA Jr. A hollow complete lower denture. J Prosthet Dent 1981;45(4):452–454. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(81)90112-8
  4. Radke U, Mundhe D. Hollow maxillary complete denture. J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2011;11(4):246–249. DOI: 10.1007/s13191-011-0082-9
  5. Van der Bilt A, Tekamp A, van der Glas H, et al. Bite force and electromyograpy during maximum unilateral and bilateral clenching. Eur J Oral Sci 2008;116(3):217–222. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2008.00531.x
  6. Zulkarnaen F, Indrasari M, Dewi RS. Evaluation of masticatory performance and patient satisfaction before and after posterior implant restoration. Pesqui Bras Odontopediatria Clín Integr 2021;21:e5894. DOI: 10.1590/pboci.2021.046
  7. Shiga H, Dds YK, Katsuyama H. Gender difference in masticatory performance in dentate adults. J Prosthodont Res 2012;56(3):166–169. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpor.2012.02.001
  8. Ahuja S, Cagna DR. Classification and management of restorative space in edentulous implant overdenture patients. J Prosthet Dent 2011;105(5):332–337. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(11)60064-4
  9. Cawood JL, Howell RA. A classification of the edentulous jaws. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1988;17(4):232–236. DOI: 10.1016/s0901-5027(88)80047-x
  10. Pocztaruk RL, Louis Carlos DFF, Elken GR, et al. Satisfaction level and masticatory capacity in edentulous patients with conventional dentures and implant-retained overdentures. Braz J Oral Sci 2006;5(19):1232–1238. DOI: 10.20396/bjos.v5i19.8642953
  11. Allen F, Locker D. A modified short version of the oral health impact profile for assessing health-related quality of life in edentulous adults. Int J Prosthodont 2002;15(5):446–450.
  12. Flanagan D, Llies H, O'Brien B, et al. Jaw bite force measurement device. J Oral Implantol 2012;38(4):361–364. DOI: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-10-00101
  13. Manly RS, Braley IC. Masticatory performance and efficiency. J Dent Res 1950;29(4):448–462. DOI: 10.1177/00220345500290040701
  14. Niswonger ME. The rest position of the mandible and the centric relation. J Am Dent Assoc 1934;21:1572–1582. DOI: 10.14219/JADA.ARCHIVE.1934.025
  15. Qanungo A, Aras MA, Chitre V, et al. An innovative and simple technique of hollow maxillary complete denture fabrication. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10(8):ZD23–ZD25. DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2016/20383.8264
  16. Kapur K, Soman S, Yurkstas A. Test foods for measuring masticatory performance of denture wearers. J Prosthet Dent 1964;14(3):483–491. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(64)80016-0
  17. Al-Ali F, Heath MR, Wright PS. Simplified method of estimating masticatory performance. J Oral Rehabil 1999;26(8):678–683. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2842.1999.00429.x
  18. Yurkstas A, Manly RS. Value of different test foods in estimating masticatory ability. J Appl Physiol 1950;3(1):45–53. DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1950.3.1.45
  19. Ahmad SF. An insight into the masticatory performance of complete denture wearer. Ann Dent 2006;13(1):24–33. DOI: 10.22452/adum.vol13no1.5
  20. Pereira RP, Rocha COM, Jabr CL, et al. A randomised crossover clinical trial of masticatory function in complete denture wearers with conventional and lingualised balanced occlusion. Gerodontology 2022;39(4):401–407. DOI: 10.1111/ger.12610
  21. Tata S, Nandeeshwar DB. A clinical study to evaluate and compare the masticatory performance in complete denture wearers with and without soft liners. J Contemp Dent Pract 2012;13:787–792. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1230
  22. Lucas PW, Luket DA, Voon FCT, et al. Food breakdown patterns produced by human subjects possessing artificial and natural teeth. J Oral Rehabil 1986;13:205–214. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.1986.tb00652.x
  23. Olthoff LW, van der Bilt A, Bosman F, et al. Distribution of particle sizes in food comminuted by human mastication. Arch Oral Biol 1984;29(11):899–903. DOI: 10.1016/0003-9969(84)90089-x
  24. Jar AA, Khormi AA, Al-khamiss NA, et al. The effect of dentures on oral health and the quality of life. Int J Community Med Public Health 2023;10(12):5067–5071. DOI: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233524
  25. Kamiyama M, Kanazawa M, Fujinami Y, et al. Validity and reliability of a self-implementable method to evaluate masticatory performance: use of color-changeable chewing gum and a color scale. J Prosthodont Res 2010;54(1):24–28. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpor.2009.08.001
  26. Singh M, Tripathi A, Raj N, et al. Evaluation of masticatory performance in subjects with shortened dental arch: a comparative study. Eur J Gen Dent 2014;3(2):146–149. DOI: 10.4103/2278-9626.134843
  27. Wesley RC, Ellinger CW, Somes GW. Patient response to variations in denture techniques. Part VI: mastication of peanuts and carrots. J Prosthet Dent 1984;51(4):467–469. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(84)90295-6
  28. Perez P, Kapur KK, Garrett NR. Studies of biologic parameters for denture design. Part III: effects of occlusal adjustment, base retention, and fit on masseter muscle activity and masticatory performance. J Prosthet Dent 1985;53(1):69–73. DOI: 10.1016/0022-3913(85)90069-1
  29. Patil SR, Maragathavalli G, DNSV R, et al. Bite force: a contemporary narrative review. Int J Health Sci Res 2022;12(5):108–116. DOI: 10.52403/ijhsr.20220514
  30. Kaur H, Singh N, Gupta H, et al. Effect of various malocclusion on maximal bite force- a systematic review. J Oral Biol Craniofac Res 2022;12:687–693. DOI: 10.1016/j.jobcr.2022.08.009
  31. Patnaik A, Sathyabushan NVV, Sivakalyan U, et al. Evaluation of bite force in completely and partially edentulous patients pre and post rehabilitation. Int J Adv Res 2017;5:1634–1640. DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/3326
  32. Sharma AJ, Nagrath R, Lahori M. A comparative evaluation of chewing efficiency, masticatory bite force, and patient satisfaction between conventional denture and implant supported mandibular overdenture : an in vivo study. J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2017;17(4):361–372. DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_76_17
  33. Balu D, Chidembaranathan AS, Balasubramaniam M. Fabrication of hollow denture technique for highly resorbed ridges for geriatric cases-A literature review. J Oral Res Rev 2022;14:165–171. DOI: 10.4103/jorr.jorr_3_22
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.