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VOLUME 14 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Hollow Denture on Masticatory Performance and Bite Force of Highly Resorbed Edentulous Ridge Cases: A Crossover Study

Arthi Ambayiram, Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium

Keywords : Bite force, Conventional complete denture, Highly resorbed ridges, Hollow denture, Masticatory performance

Citation Information : Ambayiram A, Chidambaranathan AS, Balasubramanium M. Effect of Hollow Denture on Masticatory Performance and Bite Force of Highly Resorbed Edentulous Ridge Cases: A Crossover Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2024; 14 (1):23-29.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10019-1436

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-03-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate and compare the masticatory performance and bite force of conventional and hollow dentures in highly resorbed, completely edentulous ridge cases. Materials and methods: Around 20 highly resorbed, completely edentulous subjects between 45 and 60 years were included. Subjects with ≥15 mm of maxillary and mandibular restorative space from the soft tissue crest of the residual edentulous ridge to the proposed occlusal plane were only included. For each patient, conventional dentures followed by hollow dentures were given at 3-month intervals, with 2 weeks of washout period. Patient satisfaction, masticatory performance and bite force were evaluated for each subject. The weight of the dentures and masticatory performance were analyzed using a paired t-test, and bite force was measured using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: The satisfaction level of subjects was evaluated using a questionnaire in which 100% satisfaction was obtained for the comfort and appearance of hollow dentures. The mean value of masticatory performance for conventional and hollow dentures with peanuts was 34.43 and 44.07% with carrots, was 33.85 and 43.73%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference in masticatory performance between conventional and hollow dentures (p < 0.05). The mean bite force for conventional and hollow dentures was 11.34 and 11.69 N in the right premolar region, and the difference was insignificant. Conclusion: Hollow dentures showed more patient satisfaction and better masticatory performance compared to conventional dentures. Hence, hollow dentures can be recommended for patients with highly resorbed edentulous ridges.

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