Citation Information :
Vashisht K, Rani S, Issar G. Comparative Evaluation of Different Surface Treatments on Soft Tissue Changes and Inflammatory Markers of Osseointegrated Implants: A Clinical Study. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2023; 13 (3):170-176.
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the soft tissue changes and inflammatory markers with two different surface-treated implants.
Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients were randomly divided into two groups; group I—implants with sandblasted, large-grit, acid etched treatment (SLA) and group II—implants with SLA with superhydrophilic treatment (mSLA). Soft tissue changes [probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP)] and inflammatory marker [interleukin-6 (IL-6)] count were evaluated and compared after 16 and 24 weeks of implant placement. Paired t-test and unpaired t-test were done for intergroup and intragroup comparison.
Results: There was no effect of surface treatment on PD, BOP, and IL-1β load. There was a significant increase in PD (p < 0.0001) and inflammatory marker load (p < 0.0001) at 24 weeks when compared to 16 weeks in both implants, while BOP was not found to be significant after 24 weeks.
Conclusion: Surface treatment modification for superhydrophilicity does not influence PD and BOP as well as cytokine levels. Probing depth increased significantly after loading irrespective of implant type. Similarly, there was also a significant difference in inflammatory marker load after loading in both implant groups.. Surface treatment didn't influence soft tissue parameters and inflammatory marker load.
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