Effect of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors on Dental Implant Survival Rate in Patients with Neurological Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Rathindra Nath Bera
Citation Information :
Bera RN. Effect of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors on Dental Implant Survival Rate in Patients with Neurological Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Int J Prosthodont Restor Dent 2020; 10 (4):163-169.
Aim and objective: The aim and objective of the review was to evaluate how implant survival rate changes with the intake of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in patients with neurological disorders.
Materials and methods: A systematic literature search was done in an electronic database (PubMed). In addition to this manual search of the references and gray literature was also done. Case reports, animal studies, literature reviews, and articles in non-English languages were not included. The Newcastle–Ottawa Scale was followed to assess the quality of the included studies. The meta-analysis was performed using statistical software Review Manager 5.03 and the outcome mean was measured by bivariate differential mean statistic with an intergroup estimate with a 95% confidence interval.
Results: A total of 344 articles were found in the PubMed database (n = 344) during the literature search. Five studies were included in the qualitative and quantitative analysis after removing duplicates and screening of titles and abstracts. Two studies were excluded by using eligibility criteria for the review. A total of 988 implants survived in the test group and 4,585 implants survived in the control group among all the studies (odds ratio: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.30–0.55). p < 0.00001 value from the analysis indicated a significant implant success rate in patients who were not taking any SSRI group of medications.
Conclusion: After evaluating the data from included studies, it can be concluded that patients taking the SSRI group of drugs for any neurological disorders had a higher chance of implant failures compared to the control group of patients.
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